The World in 2030 - HSBC economy predictions
China will be the world’s largest economy in 2030, overtaking the US, while India - currently the seventh biggest - will be third, pushing Germany and Japan down a position.
HSBC have looked at 75 economies in developing, emerging and frontier markets to make long-term projections of their growth potential and changes in global rankings.
And.. found that emerging economies will account for roughly 50% of global GDP by 2030 – a seismic shift from half of that in 2000.
China will continue to be the single biggest contributor to global growth
Another five Asian economies will be among the world’s six fastest-growing economies – Bangladesh, India, Philippines, Pakistan and Vietnam.
Africa will have more working-age people than China. Its working-age population is set to grow by more than 2.5% a year for the next decade while Europe’s falls by 0.5% annually.
Growth in both emerging and developing markets between now and 2030 will slow. Emerging economies are projected to grow by 4.4% a year compared to 4.7% in the period since 2010, while developed countries will grow by 1.5 per cent, compared with 1.7% since 2010. Worth to add here, that because emerging countries make up an increasing share of the world, the average global growth rate since 2013 – just below 3% – could be sustainable until 2030. That would lift global GDP by about 40% from today’s level.
Emerging countries accounted for about half of global growth over the past decade but, on HSBC estimates, roughly 70% of future world growth will be from economies currently considered as emerging.
GDP per head in emerging countries doubles between 2007 and 2030, it will still be less than 15% of the developed world’s average and even China will be below 30%.
While poorer countries with younger populations will generally rise up the rankings quickest, better education, healthcare, the rule of law and technology can still maintain the positions of countries with shrinking working populations, as should be seen in the likes of Thailand and some of the Central Eastern European countries. That’s why the US, with a large economy and relatively strong demographics, remains close to the top of the rankings, while the sheer size of the German and Japanese economies keeps them in the top five, despite rapidly ageing populations.
Small-population, demographically-challenged, rich economies in Europe slide down the rankings: Austria and Norway will be outside the top 30 by 2030 with Denmark below the top 40.
India and China, by 2030, will account for 35% of the global population and nearly 25% of the world’s working-age populace will be elsewhere in Asia.
As mentioned on the beginning - the biggest regional mover will be Africa, where young, fast-growing populations will mean that continent has more people aged 16 to 64 than China.
This research was first published on 25 September 2018. Source: HSBC.